Cultural Study Trip



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small town with a population of about 15,000 permanent inhabitants, located at 26.5°N 74.55°E on an average elevation of 510 metres in the state of Rajasthan. Separated by Nag Pahar (Snake Mountain) in a distance of 14km from the city of Ajmer, the town is picturesquely situated on the shore of Pushkar Lake. With five principle temples, numerous smaller temples and ghats where pilgrims decend to the lake to bathe in the sacred waters, Pushkar is attracting great numbers of pilgrims from all over India and the rest of the world.

Pushkar is one of the oldest places of India. The date of its actual founding is unknown. Mythology associates Lord Brahma with its creation. Legends say that gods released a swan with a lotus in its beak. The place where the lotus blossom fell was called Pushkar and became one of the five sacred dhams, pilgrimage sites for devout Hindus, and is often called the "king of pilgrimage sites". One its of temples is a 14th century one dedicated to Brahma, the Hindu god of creation. There are very few temples to Lord Brahma all over the world.

Pushkar is also famous for its annual camel fair, when up to 200,000 people and some 50,000 camels and cattle come together on the grounds in front of the town in the time around full moon in early November. In recent years, Pushkar has become a magically attractive destination for foreign tourists as well, many of them staying in tents on campgrounds next to the camel fair.

Continued deforestation of the surrounding area, and an overdevelopment of tourist facilities have put Pushkar's arid natural environment and its sacred lake increasingly under stress.